Seasonal affective disorder is one kind of depression, which usually occurs every year during winter and fall or even in season change.
This condition is very difficult to deal with. This is caused due to shortening of days in winter, and it is specifically difficult for individuals those live in higher latitudes.
Lack of sunlight can cause the seasonal depression. This condition can leave people feeling sick, tired and general feelings of melancholy.
Seasonal affective disorder treatment cannot completely cure this condition; however it can relieve the symptoms of this. Main treatment for SAD is light therapy, and still researches are continuing to determine the effective way of using it. Counseling and medicines can also be used to treat this condition.
Light therapy: This is also called as the phototherapy; patient will sit a few feet away from the specialized light therapy box, so he can be exposed to the bright light. This method mimics the sun light and appears to cause changes in the brain chemical that are linked to mood.
This is one of the best seasonal affective disorder treatments. This will work very quickly in just 2 to 4 days. This method usage is limited, but it appears as the most effective for many individuals who are suffering with SAD.
Antidepressants: These are usually prescribed to treat general depression and also they are used to treat SAD sometimes if the symptoms are severe. These medications can be able to increase the serotonin hormone levels in brain, which will help to lift up the mood.
Some antidepressants have side effects and they may interact with some other types of medicines, which you are taking. So it is very important to consult the doctor before using these medicines.
Psychotherapy: This is another option to treat the seasonal affective disorder. SAD also related to brain chemistry, your behavior and mood may also add to the symptoms.
Psychotherapy can be helpful in identifying and changing the negative thoughts and also behaviors, which may make you feel worse. Also you can learn best ways to manage SAD and manage stress.
Self-Treatment Options: Initially you need the guidance of the doctor. Here are some self-help options, which include: